Are G-d’s attributes masculine or feminine?

The fact that there is an existence of male and female creations within the physical world is a reflection of the fact that there are two different types of spiritual attributes that exist in the spiritual realms.

The “masculine” type of G-dly attributes take the spiritual beneficence that is flowing to them from above and give it over to the “feminine” type of attributes. The “feminine”-type attributes receive the beneficence from the “masculine”-type attributes, and in this way the flow of Divine beneficence can be successively diminished in intensity and passed on to create and sustain the spiritual beings and spiritual worlds on successively lower heavenly levels. Through this process, an appropriately small amount of the powerful creative life-force from G-d reaches our limited physical world.

In this context, each of the G-dly attributes has a “masculine” or “feminine” nature. Categorizing a particular Divine attribute as one or the other depends on whether its main tendency is to give over or to receive the flow of Divine beneficence. More generally, the G-dly attribute of Sovereignty/Kingship (Malkhus in Hebrew) is the main “feminine” (i.e. receiving) aspect, and the other six emotional attributes as a group (called Zeyr Anpin) comprise the main “masculine” aspect (which gives over the beneficence that flows down from the higher levels above them). In this way, G-d manifests Himself as a “kind” King, or a “mighty” King, or a “merciful” King, etc., over the created beings.

In the more common context by which G-d is referred to as “He” in Biblical verses and in our praises and conversations, mankind and each individual whom G-d creates corresponds to the recipient “she.” In that capacity, we arouse G-d to send blessings to us by our heartfelt prayers, by our dutiful fulfillment of our Divine commandments, and by our merciful acts of goodness and kindness to others.