By James C. Kearney
In the 1840s a firm of German noblemen, the Mainzner Adelsverein, tried to settle hundreds of thousands of German emigrants at the Texas frontier. Nassau Plantation, positioned close to modern day around most sensible, Texas, in northern Fayette County, was once an important a part of this tale. not anyone, besides the fact that, has safely documented the position of the slave plantation or given a powerful clarification of the Adelsverein from the German element of view.
James C. Kearney has studied a wealth of unique resource fabric (much of it in German) to light up the heritage of the plantation and the bigger targets and motivation of the Adelsverein, either in Texas and in Germany. in addition, this new examine highlights the frustrating dating of German emigrants to slavery. Few this present day notice that the society’s unique colonization plan integrated possession and operation of slave plantations. mockingly, the German settlements the society later verified grew to become hotbeds of anti-slavery and anti-secessionist sentiment.
Responding to feedback in Germany, the society declared its colonies to be “slave loose zones” in 1845. This act thrust the society entrance and middle into the advanced political panorama of Texas sooner than annexation. James A. Mayberry, between others, suspected an English-German conspiracy to flood the kingdom with anti-slavery immigrants and brought a fiery speech within the legislature denouncing the society.
In the 1850s the plantation grew to become a magnet for German immigration into Fayette and Austin Counties. during this connection, Kearney explores the position and impact of Otto von Roeder, a principally ignored yet vital Texas-German. one other bankruptcy bargains with the odyssey of the prolonged von Rosenberg relatives, who settled at the plantation in 1850 and helped to raise the within sight city of around most sensible right into a neighborhood heart of tradition and schooling. Many family members as a result rose to positions of management and impression in Texas.
Several outstanding personalities graced the plantation—Carl Prince of Solms-Braunfels, Johann Otto Freiherr von Meusebach, botanist F. Lindheimer, and the popular naturalist Dr. Ferdinand Roemer, to call a number of. Dramatic occasions additionally happened on the plantation, together with a dangerous shootout, a winning get away via slaves (documented in an exceptional way), and litigation over possession that wound its method to either the Texas ideal court docket and the U.S. preferrred Court.
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Additional info for Nassau Plantation: The Evolution of a Texas German Slave Plantation
Nassau Plantation: The Evolution of a Texas German Slave Plantation by James C. Kearney